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Article Processing Charge (APC)

The costs of publishing Gold OA are typically, but not always, paid through an Article Processing Charge (APC) that is met by the author, the author’s funding body, or the author’s institution. Only authors of accepted articles are charged APCs and the payment process begins after an article has been accepted.

Also known as: Publication fee, OA publication fee

Book Processing Charge (BPC)

The Book Processing Charge (BPC) is a payment made by an author to publish a book open access. Typically this will be covered by their funding body or institution.

cOAlition S

An initiative to make full and immediate open access to research publications a reality, cOAlition S is a group of national research funding organisations, with the support of the European Commission and the European Research Council (ERC). It is built around Plan S, which consists of one target and 10 principles.

Collection customers

Collection customers are institutions that subscribe to a large amount of content with Cambridge at once. These can be individual institutions subscribing by themselves or groups of institutions that come together to negotiate a deal with Cambridge for an STM, HSS, or Full Collection of journals. Commonly these groups of institutions form under Consortiums, hence how these customers can also be known as Consortia customers. Traditional institutional subscribers on the other hand will typically pay list price for a single title, or a handful of titles, without negotiating for a larger number of titles. Many collection customers are now being encouraged to transition to transformative agreement deals (see below) to allow them to publish within the titles they are subscribed to as Gold Open Access (see below).

Corresponding author

The person who handles the manuscript and correspondence during the publication process – from manuscript submission (via an Online Peer Review System (OPRS) or otherwise), to handling any revisions up to the acceptance and publication of the manuscript. 
The corresponding author has the authority to act on behalf of all co-authors in all matters pertaining to the publication of the manuscript including supplementary material. They are responsible for obtaining such agreements and for informing the co-authors of the manuscript’s status throughout the submission, review, and publication process. In addition, the corresponding author also acts as the point of contact for any enquiries after the paper is published.

Creative Commons (CC) licenses

Creative Commons (CC) licenses play an important role in facilitating Gold Open Access publishing. They provide a legal framework for giving users the ability to freely view, download and distribute content. We offer authors a choice of Creative Commons licenses that they can apply to their work, which differ in terms of the rights they grant end users. All of the licenses require that those redistributing or re-using the work should give appropriate credit and indicate if changes were made. Authors might be required or advised by their funders to choose particular CC licenses, such as CC-BY or CC-BY-ND, when publishing their research as Gold OA. Find out more here.

Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB)

The primary aim of DOAB is to increase discoverability of open access books. Academic publishers are invited to provide metadata of their open access books which will be harvestable in order to maximize dissemination, visibility and impact. Aggregators can integrate the records in their commercial services and libraries can integrate the directory into their online catalogues, helping scholars and students to discover the books. The directory is open to all publishers who publish academic, peer reviewed books in open access and should contain as many books as possible, provided that these publications are in open access and meet academic standards.

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

DOAJ hosts a community-curated list of open access journals, maintained by Infrastructure Services for Open Access (IS4OA). 


Double-dipping occurs when open access content effectively replaces subscription (non-open access) content. Where non-open access content in a journal has been reduced over a 4-year rolling window as a result of the publication of open access articles, the open access portion of the journal’s content is acknowledged through a reduction in subscription prices over the following three years. View our double-dipping policy here.

Gold Open Access

Gold OA is an alternative to subscriptions and other access payments. Content is published under a Creative Commons license that allows free access and redistribution and, in many cases, allows re-use in new or derivative works. 
Typically, but not always, Gold Open Access content is supported by an Article Processing Charge (APC) paid by the author or their funder. Cambridge also publish Gold Open Access content supported by other financial models, particularly in humanities and social sciences. View our Gold OA journals here.

Green Open Access 

Green OA enables an accepted manuscript to be made freely available via an online repository period following an embargo period. View our green OA policy for journals here

Hybrid Journal 

A journal with subscriptions which also publishes open access content.

Institutional repository

An archive for collecting, preserving, and disseminating digital copies of the intellectual output of an institution, particularly a research institution.

OA repository 

A digital platform that holds research output and provides free, immediate and permanent access to research results for anyone to use, download and distribute. As opposed to a simple institutional repository or disciplinary repository, open-access repositories provide free access to research for users outside the institutional community.

Also known as: Open archive

Open Access 

Open Access (OA) makes scholarly research permanently available online to view without restriction. OA can also allow content to be published in a way that allows readers to redistribute, re-use and adapt the content in new works. Find out more about OA here.

Plan S 

An initiative launched by Science Europe in 2018 for open access science publishing, which requires scientists and researchers benefiting from state-funded research to publish their work in journals or in open repositories, and be available to all by 2021.

Transformative Agreements 

Transformative agreements provide an opportunity for institutions to transform their publishing output to Gold Open Access in a sustainable manner. Participating institutions are granted subscription access to journals included in their collection. Corresponding authors at participating institutions can then use an APC discount or waiver when publishing in hybrid and/or Gold OA journals also in their collection. Over time, a customer will see more of their collection become Gold OA and will publish more Gold OA as a result of this deal too. This naturally transitions revenue away from reading and towards publishing. Hence why these deals are known as transformative; they transition both spend and output to Gold OA.

Also known as: Read & Publish, OA Publishing Agreement

Find out more about our existing transformative agreements here.


The act of (the authors) depositing a free copy of an electronic document online in order to provide open access to it. The term usually refers to the self-archiving of peer-reviewed research journal and conference articles, as well as theses and book chapters, deposited in the author's own institutional repository or open archive for the purpose of maximizing its accessibility, usage and citation impact.

Also known as: Green Archiving, Green OA