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Both our fully Gold OA and our hybrid journals allow authors to publish articles under Creative Commons (CC) licences, thereby enabling readers to freely access and re-distribute their articles. We encourage the use of CC-BY licences for Gold OA journal articles, but authors are able to choose more restrictive CC licences if they wish to prevent commercial use or adaptation in new works.

Article processing charges

The costs of publishing Gold OA are typically, but not always, paid through an article processing charge (APC) that is met by the author or the author’s funding body or institution. Any payment process begins only after an article has been accepted for publication.

Authors who do not have financial support for Gold OA publishing should see our information below about the waivers and discounts that we are able to provide.

Our APCs are sensitive to the needs and requirements of different subject fields. Our standard APC is currently £2,045 / US $3,255 (plus any applicable taxes). Some of our journals charge lower APCs – or do not charge APCs at all – often as part of a specific arrangement with a publishing partner.

Download our full list of APC charges

Key points about our APCs

  • Our APCs are calculated to contribute to the costs associated with the publication process from peer review of the submitted manuscript, through to copy-editing and typesetting, to online hosting and dissemination of the published article. The costs associated with producing print issues are not included.
  • We refund APC payments if we do not meet our promises to you. See below for more information about this.
  • We believe that journals must publish articles based on the quality of the work rather than the authors’ ability to pay. See below for information about how we can help authors who do not have financial support for OA publishing.
  • It is possible to pay an APC to make an existing article available on a Gold OA basis. Contact the journal concerned to set this process in motion.

Waivers and discounts for Open Access fees

We believe that journals must publish articles based on the quality of the work rather than the authors’ ability to pay. The editorial process – including the decision whether or not to publish the work – is independent of the author’s decision to publish Gold OA (in hybrid journals) and the author’s ability to pay the APC (in fully Gold OA journals).

We have made a number of Transformative Agreements (also called Read and Publish agreements) to support open access publishing. Authors at participating institutions may be eligible for waivers or discounts, depending on the deal. Please click here to find out more.

In our fully Gold OA journals we provide waivers and discounts to authors from low- and middle-income countries, based on the Research4Life country list. Authors from these countries will have APC costs waived (for Group A countries) or reduced by 50% (for Group B countries) during the registration and payment process, which is handled by Copyright Clearance Centre (Rightslink) on our behalf.

If an author is entitled to multiple discounts, the highest discount available will be applied. Please note that we cannot apply multiple discounts. Waivers and discounts are typically only granted in our hybrid journals as a result of Transformative Agreements. Any author unable to pay an APC can publish a subscription article in the usual way and make it available as Green OA. Authors who need to publish as Gold OA in order to comply with their funder’s OA mandate, but who do not have financial support to do so, should email to discuss how we can meet their needs.

If an author publishing in a fully open access journal does not have funds to pay a full APC, they should contact

Once an article is accepted by a journal for publication, Cambridge University Press will endeavour to automatically identify whether the article is eligible to be published as open access under a Transformative Agreement or a Research4Life discount or waiver.

For more information about funding policies and mandates promoting OA, see our open access resources page.

APC refund policy and procedures

Once a journal article has been published as open access, we are unable to convert the article from OA to a non-OA.

We will, however, refund APCs in whole or in part if:

  • The amount charged for the APC is more than advertised on the journal homepage.
  • Waivers or discounts have not been applied where eligible and appropriately requested.

We will also refund APCs if after 30 days notice from a corresponding author we have not rectified any of the following:

  • The Creative Commons license applied to your article is not the license you chose. It is your responsibility to ensure that the license you choose is line with your funder's requirements.
  • The full text of the article as published has not been deposited in PubMed Central (PMC), if it should and can be deposited, in line with Funder’s requirements and provided that the authors indicated funding from PMC and Europe PMC participating funders (see and Please note that PubMed Central does not currently allow us to deposit the full text of First View articles which are published online but which have not yet been placed in a journal issue.
  • The article is not freely available on Cambridge Core.

If you believe you are eligible for a refund, please contact us as